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Ethiopia, officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a sovereign state located in the Horn of Africa. It shares a border with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With nearly 100 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world, as well as the second-most populous nation on the African continent after Nigeria. It occupies a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometers’ (420,000 sq mi), and its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.

Money laundering is the generic term used to describe the process by which criminals disguise the original ownership and control of the proceeds of criminal conduct by making such proceeds appear to have derived from a legitimate source. Money laundering works by transferring money in elaborate and complicated financial transactions which mislead anyone who may seek to trace and review the transactions.

Money Laundaring.

The FATF is an intergovernmental organization that designs and promotes policies and standards to combat financial crime. Recommendations created by the FATF targeted money laundering, terrorist financing, and other threats to the global financial system.

Stages of Money Laundaring.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) is undertaking various measures to combat Money laundering (ML) and the Terrorist Financing (TF) since 2009. To that end it ratified international and regional conventions including Palermo, Vienna, Merida, UN Convention against TF and IGAD's Conventions on Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition. Further it is adopted AML laws that comply with international standards, including the AML/CFT Proclamation 780/2013 and the Procedure for the freezing of Terrorists' Assets Council of Ministers' Regulation no 306/2014. It also established the Ethiopian Financial Intelligence Center by Regulation Number 171/2009 even though it is on the process of amendment by now. In addition, Ethiopia conducted AML/CFT mutual evaluation assessment together with World Bank as part of the Country’s plan to ensure AML/CFT policies and practices in line with the international standard.

What is terrorist?

According to proclamation 780/2013; “Terrorist” means any natural person, whether located in Ethiopia or elsewhere, who: • commits, or attempts to commit, terrorist act by any means, directly or indirectly, unlawfully and willfully; • participates as an accomplice in a terrorist act; • organizes or directs others to participate in a terrorist act; or • contributes to the commission of a terrorist act by a group of persons acting with a common purpose, where the contribution is made intentionally and with the aim of furthering the terrorist act or with the knowledge of the intention of the group to commit a terrorist act;፡

What is terrorist act?

Also; define in the law; “terrorist act” means: • an act, whether occurring in Ethiopia or elsewhere, which constitutes an offence within the scope of, and as defined in one of the treaties listed in the annex to the 1999 International Convention for the Suppression of Financing of Terrorism; • any other act, whether occurring in Ethiopia or elsewhere, intended to cause death or serious bodily injury to a civilian, or to any other person not taking an active part in the hostilities in a situation of armed conflict, when the purpose of such act, by its nature or context, is to intimidate the population, or to compel government or an international organization to do or to abstain from doing any act; • including the definition of terrorist act provided under Article 3 and Article 4 of Proclamation No.652/2009

The impact of terrorist financing

The National AML/CFT Policy.

Ethiopia is highly committed to combating money laundering and terrorist financing (ML/TF) and activities and associated predicate offenses. These crimes threaten the safety of our society. The integrity of our financial system, and the stability of our economy. Ethiopia therefore adopts a whole of government approach to prevent, detect, investigate, supervise, suppress, convict, freeze, seize, confiscate, cooperate and take all necessary action against ML/TF and associated predicate offenses. Ethiopia’s AML/CFT policy objectives are to develop and strengthen the AML/CFT regime in Ethiopia in order to protect the integrity of the financial system and the economy at large. plementing the action plan immediately. The strengthening of the domestic competent authorities is being further supported by enhancements of the transparency of legal persons, NOPs and legal arrangements, as well as closer and better coordinated international cooperation. Download and read more... Download

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